State the importance of dispersal of fruits and seeds. Seeds contained within fruits need to be dispersed far from the mother plant so that they may find favorable and less-competitive conditions in which to germinate and grow. In all fruits, the fruit itself is the most important factor in seed dispersal. pepperpots, spinners etc. . Fruit, the fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a flowering plant, enclosing the seed or seeds. Fleshy fruits generally have hard seeds (e.g., Guava,) while hard shelled fruits have soft seeds (e.g., Almond). Jordano and Schupp 2000), the specific traits of the dispersed seeds (Wang and Ives 2017), the treatment of the seed during transit (Traveset et al. Predators target areas which have a high concentration of seeds as they have to spend a lesser amount of time and energy. The Importance of Fruit and Seed Dispersal in Plants. Both fruits and seeds possess attractive colour, odour, shape and taste needed for the dispersal by birds, mammals, reptiles, fish, ants and insects even earthworms. The principal purpose of the fruit is the protection and dispersal of the seed, though some seedless fruits have been developed. Importance of Dispersal of Fruits and Seeds: Without favourable conditions seed do not germinate. Apples, Commelina, canna, coconuts, calabash, passion fruit are a few examples of plants whose seeds are dispersed by Gravity – A force of attraction. For example, the seed of midcago. First discuss the importance of spreading seeds around and the different mechanisms of seed dispersal. The fun ction of the fruit is to aid in dispersal of the seeds. Special structures on seeds: Some seeds are sticky in nature. These dispersal units can range from pollen to seeds to fungi to entire organisms. 1998, 2007). The fruit has a single purpose: seed dispersal. After that, one of the birds retrieved the seed from the fruit and flew to a nearby tree (Figure 1). In temperate regions, diaspores may be dispersed by ungulates (e.g., antelopes, elephants, and zebras) and by many supposed carnivores. Thus fruits are important source of the dispersal of fruits. The dispersal of seeds can happen in two different ways; animals or wind. Some fruit have built-in mechanisms so they can disperse by themselves, whereas others require the help of agents like wind, water, and animals (Figure 1). There is great importance of dispersal of seeds and fruits. seed dispersal network, and the importance of native and exotic fruits and seeds as resources for birds. Have you wondered what would happen if all the seeds grew close to each other? Individual variation in the seed dispersal process is multifaceted and can include differences in the number of seeds dispersed (e.g. dispersal by animals: 1. Several different vectors--wind, water, and animals --are involved in fruit and seed dispersal. The purpose of this essay is to explore some of the mechanisms involved in the seed dispersal in plants. Advantages of Fruit and Seed Dispersal • This encourages aforestation because plants grow in new places. for millions of years and some special traits of seeds and fruits were selected to attract animals, enhance survival in gut and increase edibility of the plant vegetation at the time of seed and fruit ripening (Janzen 1984; Pakeman et al. 4. In addition to protecting the embryo, the fruit plays an important role in seed dispersal. Fruits are an important source of food, organic acids, vitamins, minerals, proteins, oil and sugar. The seed consists of an embryo, stored food material and a protective covering called seed coat. What are the general types of dispersal of fruits and seeds? Explosions in fruits literally refer to bursting with all its energy. 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